Page 3. 8 - 43. The EPA seeks to implement the waste management hierarchy, which prioritises various waste management approaches. The second key point is Mar 17, 2010 · Before disposal, waste water may need to be filtered through a filter capable of filtering out particles 5 microns or larger, depending on state and local wastewater regulations. United States Office of Wastewater EPA-833-B-98-003 Environmental Protection Management (4203) September 1999 Agency Guidance Manual for the Control of Wastes Hauled to Publicly Owned Treatment Works U. Infectious Waste - Heat Enapsulation-Sharps Facility. e. Joshua Rhodes, a geologist in BOL's Permits Section -Groundwater Unit, recently co-authored a research paper published in the Journal of Hydrology : Paul H Visit the States page of EPA's Wastes Web site for links to state health and solid waste/sanitation department contacts. EPA (1997): Wastewater Treatment Manuals  . Individual NPDES Permit Type, Required Documents, Application Process. 0 10. In fact, treatment processes are too ofte Veolia develops innovative wastewater treatment technologies with a view to preserving the resources, aimed at municipal and industrial customers. In 1995, the department received authorization from the U. This update of the 1980 Design Manual: Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems was developed to provide supplemental and new information for wastewater treatment professionals in both the public and private sectors. Public Health Service had published a guidance on septic tank practice in 1967 (USPHS, 1967). gov Dec 18, 2020 · EPA regulates household, industrial, and manufacturing solid and hazardous wastes under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Bureau of Safe Drinking Water, Department of Environmental Protection. , clarification to the COP on DWWTS, Form for completion at domestic waste water treatement Jul 01, 2004 · WATER9, the wastewater treatment model, is a Windows based computer program and consists of analytical expressions for estimating air emissions of individual waste constituents in wastewater collection, storage, treatment, and disposal facilities; a database listing many of the organic compounds; and procedures for obtaining reports of Pursuant to the SDWA, EPA recently enacted new minimum federal requirements for motor vehicle waste disposal wells that became effective in April, 2000. 4 Municipal Solid Waste Landfills, EPA/600/R-08-116, September 2008 (PDF 3M) Related Information These are spreadsheets referenced in the background report. gov Key revenue criteria for EPA-funded wastewater treat- ment facilities include: • Charge each user in proportion to the quantity and quality of the discharge • Notify the user of rates annually • Impose surcharges for industrial or commercial waste- waters that require additional treatment • Establish a financial management system to account for revenues and expenses User Service Charges Checklist Is This Done at Your Utility? Most activities generate waste, some of which is hazardous. EPA Waste Data Release, 14 April 2020. Our mission is to preserve and enhance the environment of the state in order to protect public health, sustain healthy ecosystems, and contribute to a vibrant economy. Information and a collection schedule can be found on the SWALCO Web site, or by calling 847-336-9340. 1 - 0. 500 kilograms of potassium a day. The third technology is disposing of liquid PFAS into deep injection wells. The U. ” Effluent Standards Original 4 articles promulgated by Department of Health Order Wei-Shu-Huan-Tzu No. This might include the dumping of waste on unlicensed properties, tyre stockpiles or rubbish thrown from a vehicle. Under the hierarchy, avoiding the waste generation is most preferable. Wastewater treatment is a process used to remove contaminants from wastewater or sewage and convert it into an effluent that can be returned The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state environmental agencies set Surface Water Discharge Permitting (NPDES). The EPA ID number identifies each handler of hazardous waste on hazardous waste manifests and other paperwork. blackwater – for example, toilet waste ; sewage – a combination of greywater and blackwater ; industrial wastewater – includes all waterborne waste except sewage. 5 million, with 143 de minimis parties that sent between one and three tons of waste for recycling or disposal between 1976 and 1991 to the Omega Chemical Corporation in Whittier, California. It includes the type and amount of waste accepted. 5 - 38. Shipments of hazardous waste must still be accompanied by a uniform hazardous waste manifest or documentation required to utilize U. Environmental Protection Agency to administer&nb EPA Rushing to Approve Fracked Wastewater Discharge Authority to Texas Before Biden Takes Office. Biodegradable municipal waste disposal to landfill. It includes grant programs for local government, business, industry and the community, delivered by the NSW Environment Protection Authority and the NSW Environmental Trust. Industrial Pretreatment Regulations. We pay respect to Aboriginal Elders, past and present. 6 Jan 2021 The reuse, recycling, treatment and disposal options for waste depend on the waste type and its characteristics. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Office of Science, Planning, and Regulatory Evaluation Center for Environmental Research Information Cincinnati, OH Printed on Recycled Paper The Environment Inspection Section took waste water samples of all important companies located in the industrial zone concerned. A new report shows that at least half of California’s landfill-bound food waste could be processed at wastewater treatment plants and serve as an innovative power source. EPA Regulations. EPA has compiled frequent questions about COVID-19 and waste. Use Constituting Disposal: The direct placement of recycled materials, that is wastes or waste derived-products, on the land. The wastewater discharge worsens the quality of the water in the moat, which is one of the city's most famous landmarks. The EPA also notes that widespread use of wastewater disposal wells began in the& In an effort to optimize the performance of municipal and industrial wastewater treatment facilities, the Maine DEP provides Many Maine wastewater facilities also participate in the annual EPA DMR QA program to test their laboratory s EPA Regulations. 6 - 1. The 1980 manual focused on both treatment and county government’s household trash and recycling service and ask if a drug take-back program is available in your community. A. USEPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual iii. Portions of this guidance document have now been updated and adopted into rule. U. 1 - 16. Waste definitions . 9 - 23. The rule is aimed at phasing out existing wells in source water protection areas. Disposal The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid or hazardous waste on or in the land or water. ----- treatment, storage, or disposal facilities bv state epa id ord092894351 ord089452353 ord009023466 ord987175569 ord981766124 ord000712067 ord009020231 ord050955848 ord009597543 or6213820917 ord980981682 oregon reported rcra treatment, storage or disposal (tsd) facilities tsd facility name cascade wood products inc chemical waste management Environment Protection Authority Waste Guidelines. Wastewater and residues from carpet cleaning must not be discharged onto the ground where they may soak into groundwater or run off into wetlands or streams. 1 Toi 1 et 16. If you fail an inspection under the Water Services (Amendment) Act 2012 you will have to take steps to repair or remediate your DWWTS so that it does not cause a risk to human health or the environment. B. NESHAP regulates asbestos during demolition, renovation and disposal. Septic tank wastes may be disposed/reused in accordance with the Septage management guideline. Those who handle, store, transport, process, recycle and dispose of waste must follow these rules to minimise harm to human health and the environment. 5 - 36. You can report pollution and littering to EPA. This section provides information on what can be done with specific waste types, including specific collection 25 Mar 2020 Therefore, wastewater facilities that discharge to surface waters are subject to the NPDES program requirements. EPA has developed an interim guidance for public meetings for the RCRA program during COVID-19. EPA 625/1-80-012. This study aims at analyzing the existing wastewater management and demonstrates potential solutions for improving the quality of the water in the moat sustainably. The program is a contractual partnership between local health districts (LHDs) and Ohio EPA, whereby LHDs conduct, on behalf of the Agency, inspection and enforcement services for commercial sanitary waste treatment/disposal systems discharging between 0-25,000 gallons per day (semipublics). These include discharge to a body of water, discharge to a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) via a sewer connection or transport of liquid residuals to a WWTP and underground injection. 武松幸治が主宰する日本の設計事務所。環境配慮型建築を推進。近年では木造 建築に力を入れ、特にCLTを積極的に設計に取り入れる。CLTの接合部や 組み立ての効率性等を熟考し、シンプルながら美しさの際立つ建築物を生み出す 。 19 Mar 2020 The world's wastewater – 80 percent of which is released into the environment without adequate treatment – is a valuable resource from which clean water, energy, nutrients, and other resources can be recovered, accordi Developing a comprehensive wastewater management strategy not only entails selecting an appropriate treatment solution, but also involves finding suitable disposal pathways for the final effluent. December 14, 2020. 6 27. 5 24. EPA 842/19: This guideline provides definitions for a range of terms commonly used within the waste industry. &EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Air And Radiation (EN-341) EPA 340/1-90-016 November 1990 Reporting And Recordkeeping Requirements For Waste Disposal A Field Guide ------- DISCLAIMER This manual was prepared by Entropy Environmentalist, Inc. How to Dispose of Medicines Properly r es The policy (PDF) aims to reduce environmental degradation arising from the disposal of used packaging, and to conserve virgin materials. Municipal wastewater treatment facilities must obtain an NPDES permit before they can legally discharge treated wastewater. gov Dec 08, 2020 · Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Waste. Waste licensing and permitting In 1996 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began licensing certain activities in the waste sector. A disposal facility is any site where hazardous waste is intentionally placed and where the waste will remain after a TSDF stops operation. EPA's electronic manifest system. For individuals, penalties can be as high as $500,000 or four years imprisonment. The analysis results revealed that the potassium concentration in the waste water of a soya-processing company amounted to an average of 1. Environmental Protection Agency has banned the disposal of hydraulic fracturing waste water at& It provides criteria and procedures for the proper management, maintenance, supervision, operation and use of the processes and equipment required for the secondary treatment of wastewater. Some counties hold household hazardous waste collection days, where prescription and over-the-counter drugs are accepted at a central location for proper disposal. EPA has developed an Interim Guidance on Site Field Work Decisions Due to Impacts of COVID-19. The EPA requires you to create a Hazardous Waste Profile for any instance of hazardous waste removal; and it must be presented to the treatment & disposal facility (TSD) prior to its arrival, otherwise it’s illegal for the TSD to accept your shipment at all. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Wastewater Management 401 M Street, S. 6 Basins, Sinks, Appliances 28. 7 4. 20460 MCD-12 Over eight years, Waste Less, Recycle More will provide $802 million to stimulate new investment and transform waste and recycling in NSW. In addition, the EPA ID number enables regulators to track the waste from its origin to final disposal, a process also referred to as “cradle to grave. A design manual for onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems. All information can be found here. Shea, Ph. Jul 17, 2015 · The most common methods for liquid residual disposal is discharge to a sewer. CODE OF PRACTICE. The LDR Program achieves this mission by establishing hazardous waste protocol and treatment requirements that make waste safe for land disposal. Pennsylvania State Regulations. EPA acknowledges Aboriginal people as the first peoples and Traditional custodians of the land and water on which we live, work and depend. Let’s go over this winning trifecta again: 1) Local farmers save good products they spent time and energy to grow while also saving on waste disposal costs; 2) The amount of food waste in local landfills is reduced; 3) A local corporation is able to give back with revenues helping to feed hungry families. These include landfills, transfer stations, hazardous waste disposal and other significant waste disposal and recovery activities. Some water systems may also be able to dispose of liquid residuals by direct discharge to a water body, in underground injection wells, in on-site wastewater treatment systems, or hauling the liquid residuals to a wastewater treatment plant. RBRC educates manufacturers ^ - • •c Section 23 outlines activities and purposes for fund disbursement, which include: grants to government agencies or local administrations for investment in and operation of the central wastewater treatment plant or waste disposal facility, or to support any activity concerning the promotion and, conservation of environmental quality ----- EPA/625/R-94/002 September 1994 Guide to Septage Treatment and Disposal U. To protect the environment and, in particular, EPA's Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Program works to minimize potential environmental threats resulting from land disposal of hazardous waste. The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County (SWALCO) currently operates a long-term household chemical waste collection program. Although these are important parts of an overall waste management program, Disposal of carpet cleaning wastewater Wastewater and residues from carpet cleaning must not be discharged into any roadside gutter or drain, stormwater drain, well, bore, dam or watercourse. moat. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) told two environmental groups that it had decided it was “not necessary” to update the federal standards handling toxic waste from oil and gas wells, including the waste produced by fracking. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reached an agreement, valued at more than $6. Find a list of all onsite wastewater systems with valid certificates. 5 15. These include how PFAS waste might interact with and affect the integrity of landfill liners and whether these chemicals might escape from landfills into the atmosphere. See EPA's About PDF page to  Onsite wastewater treatment systems with valid certificates. Biodegradable municipal waste disposed to landfill. Publications . Environmental management of landfill facilities – solid waste disposal (2019), which The EPA has published guidance on wastewater treatment and disposal systems for single houses which should be consulted when installing new DWWTS (septic tanks or treatment systems). Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D. This easy-to-use Web site is designed for anyone interested in safe needle disposal. Environmental Protection Agency on Monday completed a set of new guidelines for disposing of coal ash and wastewater from coal-fired power plants, changes that critics say could allow more Design Manual: Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems (USEPA. WASTEWATER  16/12/2019: Publication of the Evaluation of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive. Updated April 2019 . Wastewater treated to secondary quality can also be dispersed to land via pressure-compensating subsurface irrigation. Jul 17, 2015 · There are several options available for disposal of liquid wastes. The Class V rule Is linked to EPA’s Source Water Assessment Program. Liquids not suitable for this reuse must go to sewer (with SA Water approval) or taken to a liquid waste treatment facility. "How to Care for Your Septic System. As Victoria's environmental regulator, we pay respect to how Country has been protected and cared for by Aboriginal people over many tens of thousands In NSW, acts and regulations govern waste management. Apr 25, 2019 · On April 23, the U. See full list on epa. Although jointly administered by EPA and MassDEP in the past  U. e < 10). 654798 on May 5, 1987. Household Hazardous Waste. Dec 19, 2018 · ECHO, Enforcement and Compliance History Online, provides compliance and enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide. DESIGN MANUAL. Map 1: Population density of Chiang Mai Municipality, 2012 EPA’s Universal Waste Battery Web Site. Stockton EPA CONTRACT P5-01-205 Prepared for Municipal Technology Branch Municipal Construction Division Office of Water Program Operations U. AND DISPOSAL SYSTEMS. Disposal of waste is the least preferable. Environmental Protection Illinois EPA is delegated authority by the USEPA to enforce the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). If local regulations allow, waste water may be poured down the toilet. Off iice of Water Program Operations. 1 0. The 2018 report also marks the first full year to factor in disruptions from tighter import policies in China and other international markets, but doesn't indicate major Thus, POTWs that want to start treating fracking wastewater must collect information from the fracking well operator on the quality and quantity of wastewater, assess the potential impact of that wastewater on the POTW ' s discharges, and report this information to the EPA or the state (NRDC p. "Multi -State Comparison: Onsite Wastewater Treatment System Regula The EPA is assisted by an Advisory Committee of twelve members who meet several times a year to discuss issues of concern and offer advice to the Board. Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems-Design Manual (PDF) (409 pp, 9 MB) The Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems Manual (PDF) (367 pp, 21 MB) Factsheet on safe wastewater disposal for recreational vehicle, boat, and mobile home owners and operators. If you happened to read the Federal Registe No. III. 4 million tons of food waste. Nov 18, 2020 · Per the EPA's waste recovery hierarchy, these are all generally viewed as more preferable outcomes than disposal, but are not counted toward the national recycling rate. 000 mg/l or a bulk of more or less 2. Ohio EPA's competitive grant funding is targeted at local governments, colleges and universities, solid waste management districts/authorities, health districts, soil and water conservation districts and private sector businesses for a variety of recycling and litter cleanup and scrap tire management projects. Office of Research and Development. 8 17 The U. Infectious Waste - Incinerator Facility (GD# 054) Illegal dumping is the disposal of waste on public or private land or into water without a licence, permit or approval from the relevant authority such as the EPA or local council. We provide waste and recycling guidance for business. By implementing House Bill 110 (HB110) in 1984, the Ohio General Assembly created Ohio EPA's Semipublic Disposal System Inspection program (often referred to as the HB110 program). has reached a settlement with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U. epa. EPA approval may be required for liquid wastes to be used in a sustainable manner for irrigation or other beneficial purposes. Jan 11, 2021 · Germain said the waste industry doesn’t consider the guidance “the be-all, end-all document on PFAS destruction and disposal” because much more research needs to be done before the EPA can write specific regulations. ECHO includes permit, inspection, violation, enforcement action, and penalty information about facilities regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Stationary Source Program, Clean Water Act (CWA) National Pollutant Elimination Discharge Welcome to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. See full list on www3. Note: This document is considered guidance. Environmental Protection Agency. See EPA's About PDF page to  Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. The EPA will undertake a full review following completion of the first cycle of the Plan. The EPA manages the transport and disposal of hazardous waste, and works with industry to find sustainable solutions to minimise the amount of waste going to landfill. We'll try to keep the cynicism light, but it might be a little difficult. The Hazardous Waste Determinations –Listed Wastes Is the waste a listed hazardous waste under 40 CFR 261 Subpart D? Solvents –F001-F005 Electroplating wastewater treatment sludge -F006 Spent cyanide plating bath solution –F007 Plating bath residues from cyanide plating process – F008 Spent stripping and cleaning bath solutions from ----- EPA-430/9-75-015 SEPTEMBER 1975 WASTEWATER SLUDGE UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL COSTS BY Timothy G. MassDEP and US EPA administer surface water discharge permits in Massachusetts. How wastewater can impact human health and the environment. Environmental Protection Agency is pleased to  The EPA has published a Code of Practice: Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems Serving Single Houses (p. “We are lacking the information to make informed decisions” for regulations, she said. 1980) was the most comprehensive summary of onsite wastewater management since the U. 2 0. 0 12. Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC): RBRC is a nonprofit, public service organization funded by rechargeable product and battery manufacturers. 20460 On May 14, 2020, the U. , Review of the National Inspection Plan and progress made by the Local Authoriies, All new domestic waste water treatment systems (including Septic Tanks) must be tested in accordance with the requirements of EN 12566 and must satisfy the performance requirements as set out in the relevant National Annexes. S. These 22 Oct 2018 The rest (“black” water) can be used for irrigation after going through a conventional primary/secondary sewage treatment process, typically followed by filtration and disinfection. Includes septic, greywater and composting systems. Wastewater Treatment Plant Operator Training. Wastewater can contain micro-organisms, bacteria and viruses that can cause disease. Ohio EPA State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Sewage: Collection, Treatment & Disposal Where Public Sewers Are Not Available 1993 Edition. Bannockburn, Illinois-based Stericycle Inc. Infectious Waste - Disposal Paper. 18 Aug 2015 In this series of videos, a staff member of the Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP) explains the technical steps in the process of treating wastewater (sewage) at a treatment plant in layperson's terms. " Accessed Dec. 72). The Illinois EPA coordinates one-day household hazardous waste collections each year in the spring and fall. Environmental Protection Agency has regulated underground injection since the mid-1970s, after passage of the federal Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA proposed to list two of three wastes from the dyes and pigment industries as hazardous wastes under the Resource, Conservation, and Recovery Act (RCRA), which direct EPA to determine whether certain wastes from the dye and pigment industries present a hazard to human health or the environment. < 10) from the EPA's website at the links above or hard copies are available from our Publications Office, PO Box 3000, Johnstown Castle Estate, Wexford, 053-9160600. 9 26. Other EPA waste programs focus on municipal solid waste management, recycling, and responding to emergency releases of hazardous materials and wastes. 5 8. Revisions promulgated by EPA Order (80) Huan-Shu-Fa-Tzu No. The code of practice (CoP) establishes an overall framework of best practice in relation to the development of  Domestic Waste Water Treatment Systems · Urban Waste Water  29 Sep 2016 Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems. Environment Protection (Industrial Waste Resource) Regulations 2009. Chaz Miller: The first key point is that the report says that recycling rates went down, but they went down only because EPA discovered 22. Note, remediation activities involving replacement of treated soils onto the land is not a type of use constituting disposal, in part, because it is a supervised remediation instead of an unsupervised recycling activity. 00359 on January 16, 1991. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. This treated wastewater is often referre Efficient treatment of industrial and sanitary wastewater ✓ heat recovery wastewater ✓ energy from waste water ✓ heat exchanger. We safeguard environmental quality, consistent with the social and economic needs of the State, so as to protect health, welfare, property and the quality of life. Infectious Waste - Autoclave Spore Test (to be used with Infectious Waste - Autoclave Facility) Infectious Waste - Chemical Treatment Facility . Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) manual Wastewater Treatment Systems for Small Communities, Leisure Centres and Hotels (1999) and any further guidance developed by the EPA including guidance in relation to Section 4 discharges to surface waters or groundwater. 29 Sep 2016 Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems. Infectious Waste - Demolizer Facility. 15, 2020. Maximizing co-digestion capacity could reduce statewide greenhouse gas emissions by more than half of the landfill emissions that California committed to reducing by 2030. for the Stationary Source Compliance Division of the U. Factsheet on safe wastewater disposal for recreational vehicle, boat, and mobile home owners and operators (PDF) (2 pp, 388 K) See full list on epa. gov You can download a copy of the Code of Practice: Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems serving Single Houses (p. 7 6. Biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) comprises those elements of the municipal waste that will rot or degrade biologically, for example food waste, garden and parks waste, waste paper and cardboard. It also reflects changes included in the . Sludge is a mixture of solids and liquids. New Permit or Renewal: DEQ Form  14 Jun 2016 The EPA has banned oil and gas producers from using publicly owned treatment facilities to dispose of fracking waste. There are significant penalties for those caught illegally dumping waste. The Environment Protection (Industrial Waste Resource) Regulations 2009 describes how prescribed industrial waste is managed. D. ONSITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designed to resolve alleged violations of the federal Clean Air Act and Utah air quality regulations at a Stericycle medical waste disposal plant in North Salt Lake, Utah. John D. Washington, D. Sources outside EPA supplied the information in the fol 10 Aug 2020 Licences for sewage treatment plants cover entire sewage treatment systems, including overflows from pumping stations and reticulation systems. Foreword. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more. . This licensing approach aims to minimise the potential harm to human health&nb Since 1989, Ohio's Water Pollution Control Loan Fund (WPCLF) has been an important source of project financing throughout Ohio for a wide variety of municipal wastewater, storm water, and nonpoint source pollution control projects. Disposal should therefore only occur where other waste management options, such as recycling, are not possible. Visit the Center for Disease Control's Safe Community Needle Disposal Web site. · Montana Office of Research and Policy Analysis. ----- CHAPTER 1 SUBPART A GENERAL 1. 9 - 30. Sep 29, 2016 · A design manual for onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems. 9 0. The universal waste regulations streamline collection requirements for certain hazardous wastes including batteries. ----- TABLE 4-4 POLLUTANT CONTRIBUTIONS OF MAJOR RESIDENTIAL WASTEWATER FRACTIONS3 (gm/cap/day) Parameter BOD5 Suspended Sol i ds Ni trogen Phosphorus Garbage Disposal 18. C. 1 INTRODUCTION Under the authority of both the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), as amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984, and Section 405 of the Clean Water Act, the EPA issued "Solid Waste Disposal Facility Criteria" (40 CFRPart 258) on October 9, 1991. W. 8 1. Redevelopment program). Background Document - Background Information Document for Updating AP42 Section 2. 6 0. Wastewater treated to primary quality is only suitable for disposal below ground via soil absorption trenches, mounds and evapo-transpiration beds or trenches. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. 2 - 0. Disposal of PFAS in landfills also has significant unknowns, the EPA says. The EPA provides leadership to ensure NSW has a fair, modern and well-regulated waste industry.